Um antigo estudante enviou-me o link e o artigo vale a leitura:
Are ethical norms and current policies still relevant in face of the recent mass terror events?
The widespread utilization of social media in recent terror attacks in major European cities should raise a “red flag” for the emergency medical response teams. The question arises as to the impact of social media during terror events on the healthcare system. Information was published well before any emergency authority received a distress call or was requested to respond. Photos published at early stages of the attacks, through social media were uncensored, presenting identifiable pictures of victims. Technological advancements of recent years decrease and remove barriers that enable the public to use them as they see fit. These attacks raise ethical considerations for the patients and their rights as they were outsourced from the medical community, into the hands of the public. The healthcare system should leverage social media and its advantages in designing response to terror, but this requires a re-evaluation and introspection into the current emergency response models.
The widespread utilization of social media in recent terror attacks of major European cities, including Brussels (March 2016), Paris (November 2015 & June 2016), and Istanbul (June 2016) should raise a “red flag” for the emergency response community, most specifically for medical response teams.
Social media has been researched extensively in regards to emergency management for both natural and man made emergencies [1, 2]. Major recent disasters, such as the 2010 Haiti earthquake, the 2012 “Super-storm Sandy” or the 2015 Nepal earthquake have all presented social media as the major communication channel between first responders and the public. The question arises as to the impact of social media during terror events, and whether the bi-directional and extremely rapid communication should serve as a wake-up call for the healthcare system concerning ethical norms that up to now have been accepted as important.
The terror attacks that were inflicted on European cities during the last year exemplified that EMS organizations, as well as other health services, should reassess their response policies. This should include better education of the public sharing photos and information that may harm and invade patients’ privacy. There is a growing rift between the ethical norms which emergency medicine and health services’ professionals adhere to, compared to those that the public adopts while engaging in social media during emergencies. Medical guidelines and policies utilized during the response phase should be modified and adjusted to the new reality that had already changed.
The healthcare system should adopt, use and leverage social media and its advantages in designing response to terror events as well as other types of emergencies